Is Pregnancy Possible with Vaginismus?

Is Pregnancy Possible with Vaginismus?

Several health conditions can prevent a woman from getting in the family way. Vaginismus is considered one of those problems. While only one per cent of all women suffer from this condition, it does make them wonder how Vaginismus affects pregnancy. In this article, we would find the answer to that question. As a first step in that direction, let’s understand what Vaginismus exactly is.

 

 

What is Vaginismus?

 

Vaginismus is a health condition in which the vagina contracts involuntarily to prevent any insertion. This disorder is part of the genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD).

In 1980, the 3rd Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) defined vaginsmus as a “recurrent or persistent involuntary spasm of the musculature of the outer third of the vagina that interferes with sexual intercourse”.  The spasms happen during coitus, tampon insertion, a gynecological pelvic exam or any other medical examination. Medically, vaginismus is more of a psychological condition with a physical manifestation. Those suffering from this condition can experience mild discomfort to substantial pain. Since the condition makes it quite a painful experience, the chances of a woman suffering from Vaginismus getting pregnant get adversely affected.

 

Can you get pregnant with Vaginismus?

The short and definite answer to that question is, yes, as long as a woman seeks treatment for this condition— prior to or even as you are trying to get pregnant.

Research conducted on vaginismus shows in more than 60% cases, desire for pregnancy is the reason to consult a medical doctor in the first place. Because of the fear of being misunderstood, women often don’t seek medical help even though they suffer from vaginismus.

 

 

A woman suffering from this condition could seek medical intervention and start her family in time after the treatment. Most women may develop the feelings of being inadequate and aggravate the issue further by obsessing about this condition. This is why specialists use a combination of treatments that include behavioral sex therapy, CBT, pharmacological therapy, pelvic floor physical therapy and removal of hymenal remnants, this disorder can be treated in a matter of five weeks or so. In extreme cases, the recovery process may take up to six months.

However, if the issue persists, artificial reproductive techniques like in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and Intrauterine insemination (IUI) can help a couple become pregnant.

 

Will vaginismus impede the vaginal delivery of a baby?

Know that this condition does not normally impede the vaginal delivery process. While childbirth would be the same as it would be without vaginismus, one may face difficulties with pelvic exams and other pre/post-natal procedures. This is also true in case of medical interventions to address delivery complications.

This is why it is of utmost importance to resolve the vaginismus prior to getting pregnant and delivery for a safe and stress-free delivery.

 

 

FAQs

Can natural childbirth cause vaginismus?

Excessive physical or emotional trauma during the birth process can cause vaginismus.

 

What problems can I face in the prenatal stage if I have vaginismus?

Vaginal ultrasounds, pre/post-delivery pelvic exams, and other such procedures may be difficult for women suffering from vaginismus.