The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Survey of Family Growth survey reveals that around 1 in 8 couples struggle with infertility. For many couples, having a kid is a significant achievement to start a happy family.
Moreover, many couples worldwide had difficulty getting pregnant and starting families before the 1960s. With the aid of countless international organizations, infertile couples can now have children thanks to current fertility therapies. Modern in vitro fertilization ivf treatment helps people on their route to parenthood because of the significant scientific advancements of the twenty-first century.
Fundamentals of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)?
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IVF is a sophisticated assisted reproduction technology (ART) that aids in helping couples and infertile women conceive. In the IVF procedure, to fertilize the eggs manually, the sperm of a donor or woman is used.
The In Vitro Fertilization procedure can be tailored in several ways for intended parents, from reciprocal IVF for lesbian couples to modest IVF treatments for people searching for a less-disruptive, less-expensive reproduction method.
Many infertile couples have found success with IVF; you may be a good candidate if you have or experience any of the following:
- Fallopian tubes that are damaged, clogged, or missing
- Premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids, or ovarian diseases
- A drop in sperm production or sperm motility
- Undiagnosed infertility
Additionally, IVF can help those same-sex couples or planned single parents achieve their dream of becoming parents.
When to Consider IVF as Fertility Treatment?
Nearly 5 million babies have been born by assisted reproduction technology since the 1980s, when IVF was first used in mainstream medicine (ART).
It’s necessary to understand that IVF may not ensure a successful pregnancy. Some patients must undergo numerous IVF rounds to become pregnant, while others, sadly, never do successfully.
Ideal Candidates for In Vitro Fertilization :
- Women who experience ovulation irregularities or blocked fallopian tubes
- Women who struggle with infertility (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome or Endometriosis)
- Fertility issues caused by men
IVF might not be as effective for:
- Females over 37 years of age
- Females who have difficulties producing healthy eggs
- Females who don’t want the sperm of an outside donor
There is no “one size fits all” method of fertilization because IVF is customized to each patient’s situation. However, the process also requires the use of medication, blood testing, vaginal ultrasounds, sperm and egg retrieval, fertilization, and embryo transfer.
IVF Procedure: Step-by-Step Guide
Consultation and Diagnosing
Your doctor will request several pre-treatment tests before the IVF cycle starts. Some tests are required by local, state, and federal legislation, and other tests performed by your doctor are tailored to you. To evaluate your reproductive issues and options, these tests frequently involve a baseline ultrasound, blood tests, and a semen analysis for the male partner. But more testing can also be necessary.
A crucial component of egg production is ovarian stimulation. Women can prepare for egg retrieval and improve their chances of getting pregnant by taking fertility medications. In addition to hormone therapy, oral and injectable fertility medications are frequently suggested for the best outcomes. A transvaginal ultrasound may be used to ascertain when the eggs are developed.
Patients may undergo general anesthetic before the egg retrieval surgery to put them to sleep. The eggs are then extracted from the developing follicles and suctioned into test tubes after being removed by inserting a needle through the vaginal wall and into the ovary. The test tubes are finally delivered to the embryologist who has been waiting.
The eggs will be prepared for fertilization with fresh or frozen sperm in the lab after being observed under a microscope. The next step is to deliver one healthy sperm into each viable egg via a procedure known as ICSI, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
Embryo Freezing & Genetic Testing
After the fertilization process, the embryologist will check the total formed embryos. Before they are prepared to be frozen or transferred to the uterus, the embryos usually spend 5-7 days in the lab. More frozen embryos succeed than fresh ones, on average. Most patients will use preimplantation genetic diagnosis or preimplantation genetic screening to check embryos for genetic or chromosome problems before embryo transfer.
Preparing for your embryo transfer is one of the most important processes in your IVF journey. On the day of embryo transfer, the embryos will be graded based on their cell growth and development. This grading system and the patient’s age will help the physician and patient decide on the appropriate number of embryos to transfer.
Pregnancy Test (After the embryo transfer)
To determine whether the patient is pregnant or not, the doctors conduct a blood pregnancy test approximately after ten days after transferring the embryo.
Eva Hospital: Start Your IVF Journey with Top-Notch Fertility Care
Deciding to do in vitro fertilization (IVF) can be exciting and nerve-wracking. But thanks to technological advancement, starting a family is easier and more successful than ever. You don’t have to wait longer to step towards your goal if you’re struggling with infertility or want a family but aren’t sure how.
At Eva Hospital, to embrace the joy of parenthood, we are devoted to helping couples. If you have any concerns about your surrogacy, our fertility experts can guide you. To begin today, get in touch with us.